Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects information processing in the brain.
ASD includes classic Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified).
ASD is known as a spectrum disorder as it varies significantly in character and severity and occurs in all ethnic and socioeconomic cohorts. It also affects all age groups.
At present, there are no medical tests that can diagnose Autism. A comprehensive diagnosis must be made by a multidisciplinary team by observing a child’s behaviour, communication and development levels. It has been proven that early diagnosis paired with intensive behaviour intervention can significantly enhance a child’s quality of life.